Solstices and Equinoxes: 2001 to 2100

Greenwich Mean Time



Introduction

Earth revolves around the Sun in an elliptical orbit with a mean eccentricity of 0.0167. As a result, Earth’s distance from the Sun (center-to-center) varies with mean values of 147,098,074 km at solstice (closest) to 152,097,701 km at aphelion (most distant).

The table presented here gives the date and time (Greenwich Mean Time) of all perihelions and aphelions of Earth for the 21st Century (2001-2100). If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. For conversion to other time zones, see Time Zones and Universal Time.

Solstices and Equinoxes: 2001 to 2050

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)



 Year      Spring Equinox   Summer Solstice    Fall Equinox     Winter Solstice

 2001      Mar 20  13:31     Jun 21  07:38     Sep 22  23:05     Dec 21  19:22    
 2002      Mar 20  19:16     Jun 21  13:25     Sep 23  04:56     Dec 22  01:15    
 2003      Mar 21  01:00     Jun 21  19:11     Sep 23  10:47     Dec 22  07:04    
 2004      Mar 20  06:49     Jun 21  00:57     Sep 22  16:30     Dec 21  12:42    
 2005      Mar 20  12:34     Jun 21  06:46     Sep 22  22:23     Dec 21  18:35    
 2006      Mar 20  18:25     Jun 21  12:26     Sep 23  04:04     Dec 22  00:22    
 2007      Mar 21  00:07     Jun 21  18:06     Sep 23  09:51     Dec 22  06:08    
 2008      Mar 20  05:49     Jun 21  00:00     Sep 22  15:45     Dec 21  12:04    
 2009      Mar 20  11:44     Jun 21  05:45     Sep 22  21:18     Dec 21  17:47    
 2010      Mar 20  17:32     Jun 21  11:28     Sep 23  03:09     Dec 21  23:38    

 2011      Mar 20  23:21     Jun 21  17:16     Sep 23  09:05     Dec 22  05:30    
 2012      Mar 20  05:15     Jun 20  23:08     Sep 22  14:49     Dec 21  11:12    
 2013      Mar 20  11:02     Jun 21  05:04     Sep 22  20:44     Dec 21  17:11    
 2014      Mar 20  16:57     Jun 21  10:52     Sep 23  02:30     Dec 21  23:03    
 2015      Mar 20  22:45     Jun 21  16:38     Sep 23  08:20     Dec 22  04:48    
 2016      Mar 20  04:31     Jun 20  22:35     Sep 22  14:21     Dec 21  10:45    
 2017      Mar 20  10:29     Jun 21  04:25     Sep 22  20:02     Dec 21  16:29    
 2018      Mar 20  16:15     Jun 21  10:07     Sep 23  01:54     Dec 21  22:22    
 2019      Mar 20  21:58     Jun 21  15:54     Sep 23  07:50     Dec 22  04:19    
 2020      Mar 20  03:50     Jun 20  21:43     Sep 22  13:31     Dec 21  10:03    

 2021      Mar 20  09:37     Jun 21  03:32     Sep 22  19:21     Dec 21  15:59    
 2022      Mar 20  15:33     Jun 21  09:14     Sep 23  01:04     Dec 21  21:48    
 2023      Mar 20  21:25     Jun 21  14:58     Sep 23  06:50     Dec 22  03:28    
 2024      Mar 20  03:07     Jun 20  20:51     Sep 22  12:44     Dec 21  09:20    
 2025      Mar 20  09:02     Jun 21  02:42     Sep 22  18:20     Dec 21  15:03    
 2026      Mar 20  14:46     Jun 21  08:25     Sep 23  00:06     Dec 21  20:50    
 2027      Mar 20  20:25     Jun 21  14:11     Sep 23  06:02     Dec 22  02:43    
 2028      Mar 20  02:17     Jun 20  20:02     Sep 22  11:45     Dec 21  08:20    
 2029      Mar 20  08:01     Jun 21  01:48     Sep 22  17:37     Dec 21  14:14    
 2030      Mar 20  13:51     Jun 21  07:31     Sep 22  23:27     Dec 21  20:09    

 2031      Mar 20  19:41     Jun 21  13:17     Sep 23  05:15     Dec 22  01:56    
 2032      Mar 20  01:23     Jun 20  19:09     Sep 22  11:11     Dec 21  07:57    
 2033      Mar 20  07:23     Jun 21  01:01     Sep 22  16:52     Dec 21  13:45    
 2034      Mar 20  13:18     Jun 21  06:45     Sep 22  22:41     Dec 21  19:35    
 2035      Mar 20  19:03     Jun 21  12:33     Sep 23  04:39     Dec 22  01:31    
 2036      Mar 20  01:02     Jun 20  18:31     Sep 22  10:23     Dec 21  07:12    
 2037      Mar 20  06:50     Jun 21  00:22     Sep 22  16:13     Dec 21  13:08    
 2038      Mar 20  12:40     Jun 21  06:09     Sep 22  22:02     Dec 21  19:01    
 2039      Mar 20  18:32     Jun 21  11:58     Sep 23  03:50     Dec 22  00:41    
 2040      Mar 20  00:11     Jun 20  17:46     Sep 22  09:44     Dec 21  06:33    

 2041      Mar 20  06:07     Jun 20  23:37     Sep 22  15:27     Dec 21  12:19    
 2042      Mar 20  11:53     Jun 21  05:16     Sep 22  21:11     Dec 21  18:04    
 2043      Mar 20  17:29     Jun 21  10:59     Sep 23  03:07     Dec 22  00:02    
 2044      Mar 19  23:20     Jun 20  16:50     Sep 22  08:47     Dec 21  05:43    
 2045      Mar 20  05:08     Jun 20  22:34     Sep 22  14:33     Dec 21  11:36    
 2046      Mar 20  10:58     Jun 21  04:15     Sep 22  20:22     Dec 21  17:28    
 2047      Mar 20  16:52     Jun 21  10:02     Sep 23  02:07     Dec 21  23:07    
 2048      Mar 19  22:34     Jun 20  15:54     Sep 22  08:01     Dec 21  05:02    
 2049      Mar 20  04:28     Jun 20  21:47     Sep 22  13:42     Dec 21  10:51    
 2050      Mar 20  10:20     Jun 21  03:33     Sep 22  19:29     Dec 21  16:39    


Solstices and Equinoxes: 2051 to 2100

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)


 Year      Spring Equinox   Summer Solstice    Fall Equinox     Winter Solstice

 2051      Mar 20  15:58     Jun 21  09:17     Sep 23  01:26     Dec 21  22:33    
 2052      Mar 19  21:56     Jun 20  15:16     Sep 22  07:16     Dec 21  04:18    
 2053      Mar 20  03:46     Jun 20  21:03     Sep 22  13:05     Dec 21  10:09    
 2054      Mar 20  09:35     Jun 21  02:47     Sep 22  19:00     Dec 21  16:10    
 2055      Mar 20  15:28     Jun 21  08:39     Sep 23  00:48     Dec 21  21:56    
 2056      Mar 19  21:11     Jun 20  14:29     Sep 22  06:40     Dec 21  03:52    
 2057      Mar 20  03:08     Jun 20  20:19     Sep 22  12:23     Dec 21  09:42    
 2058      Mar 20  09:04     Jun 21  02:03     Sep 22  18:07     Dec 21  15:24    
 2059      Mar 20  14:44     Jun 21  07:47     Sep 23  00:03     Dec 21  21:18    
 2060      Mar 19  20:37     Jun 20  13:44     Sep 22  05:47     Dec 21  03:00    

 2061      Mar 20  02:26     Jun 20  19:33     Sep 22  11:31     Dec 21  08:49    
 2062      Mar 20  08:07     Jun 21  01:10     Sep 22  17:19     Dec 21  14:42    
 2063      Mar 20  13:59     Jun 21  07:02     Sep 22  23:08     Dec 21  20:22    
 2064      Mar 19  19:40     Jun 20  12:47     Sep 22  04:58     Dec 21  02:10    
 2065      Mar 20  01:27     Jun 20  18:31     Sep 22  10:41     Dec 21  07:59    
 2066      Mar 20  07:19     Jun 21  00:16     Sep 22  16:27     Dec 21  13:45    
 2067      Mar 20  12:55     Jun 21  05:56     Sep 22  22:20     Dec 21  19:44    
 2068      Mar 19  18:51     Jun 20  11:55     Sep 22  04:09     Dec 21  01:34    
 2069      Mar 20  00:44     Jun 20  17:40     Sep 22  09:51     Dec 21  07:21    
 2070      Mar 20  06:35     Jun 20  23:22     Sep 22  15:45     Dec 21  13:19    

 2071      Mar 20  12:36     Jun 21  05:21     Sep 22  21:39     Dec 21  19:05    
 2072      Mar 19  18:19     Jun 20  11:12     Sep 22  03:26     Dec 21  00:54    
 2073      Mar 20  00:12     Jun 20  17:06     Sep 22  09:14     Dec 21  06:50    
 2074      Mar 20  06:09     Jun 20  22:59     Sep 22  15:04     Dec 21  12:36    
 2075      Mar 20  11:48     Jun 21  04:41     Sep 22  21:00     Dec 21  18:28    
 2076      Mar 19  17:37     Jun 20  10:35     Sep 22  02:48     Dec 21  00:12    
 2077      Mar 19  23:30     Jun 20  16:23     Sep 22  08:35     Dec 21  06:00    
 2078      Mar 20  05:11     Jun 20  21:58     Sep 22  14:25     Dec 21  11:59    
 2079      Mar 20  11:03     Jun 21  03:51     Sep 22  20:15     Dec 21  17:46    
 2080      Mar 19  16:43     Jun 20  09:33     Sep 22  01:55     Dec 20  23:31    

 2081      Mar 19  22:34     Jun 20  15:16     Sep 22  07:38     Dec 21  05:22    
 2082      Mar 20  04:32     Jun 20  21:04     Sep 22  13:24     Dec 21  11:06    
 2083      Mar 20  10:08     Jun 21  02:41     Sep 22  19:10     Dec 21  16:51    
 2084      Mar 19  15:58     Jun 20  08:39     Sep 22  00:58     Dec 20  22:40    
 2085      Mar 19  21:53     Jun 20  14:33     Sep 22  06:43     Dec 21  04:29    
 2086      Mar 20  03:36     Jun 20  20:11     Sep 22  12:33     Dec 21  10:24    
 2087      Mar 20  09:27     Jun 21  02:05     Sep 22  18:27     Dec 21  16:07    
 2088      Mar 19  15:16     Jun 20  07:57     Sep 22  00:18     Dec 20  21:56    
 2089      Mar 19  21:07     Jun 20  13:43     Sep 22  06:07     Dec 21  03:53    
 2090      Mar 20  03:03     Jun 20  19:37     Sep 22  12:01     Dec 21  09:45    

 2091      Mar 20  08:40     Jun 21  01:17     Sep 22  17:49     Dec 21  15:37    
 2092      Mar 19  14:33     Jun 20  07:14     Sep 21  23:41     Dec 20  21:31    
 2093      Mar 19  20:35     Jun 20  13:08     Sep 22  05:30     Dec 21  03:21    
 2094      Mar 20  02:20     Jun 20  18:40     Sep 22  11:15     Dec 21  09:11    
 2095      Mar 20  08:14     Jun 21  00:38     Sep 22  17:10     Dec 21  15:00    
 2096      Mar 19  14:03     Jun 20  06:31     Sep 21  22:55     Dec 20  20:46    
 2097      Mar 19  19:49     Jun 20  12:14     Sep 22  04:37     Dec 21  02:38    
 2098      Mar 20  01:38     Jun 20  18:01     Sep 22  10:22     Dec 21  08:19    
 2099      Mar 20  07:17     Jun 20  23:41     Sep 22  16:10     Dec 21  14:04    
 2100      Mar 20  13:04     Jun 21  05:32     Sep 22  22:00     Dec 21  19:51    


Acknowledgement

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting Earth's solstices and equinoxes are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:

    "Solstice and Equinox Table Courtesy of Fred Espenak, www.Astropixels.com".


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