2019 Calendar of Astronomical Events




    


2019 Phases of the Moon

Greenwich Mean Time

The following table gives the date and time of the Moon's phases for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed.

2019 Phases of the Moon
Greenwich Mean Time
New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Last Quarter
Jan 6 01:28 P Jan 14 06:45 Jan 21 05:16 t Jan 27 21:10
Feb 4 21:04 Feb 12 22:26 Feb 19 15:53 Feb 26 11:28
Mar 6 16:04 Mar 14 10:27 Mar 21 01:43 Mar 28 04:10
Apr 5 08:50 Apr 12 19:06 Apr 19 11:12 Apr 26 22:18
May 4 22:45 May 12 01:12 May 18 21:11 May 26 16:33
Jun 3 10:02 Jun 10 05:59 Jun 17 08:31 Jun 25 09:46
Jul 2 19:16 T Jul 9 10:55 Jul 16 21:38 p Jul 25 01:18
Aug 1 03:12 Aug 7 17:31 Aug 15 12:29 Aug 23 14:56
Aug 30 10:37 Sep 6 03:10 Sep 14 04:33 Sep 22 02:41
Sep 28 18:26 Oct 5 16:47 Oct 13 21:08 Oct 21 12:39
Oct 28 03:38 Nov 4 10:23 Nov 12 13:34 Nov 19 21:11
Nov 26 15:06 Dec 4 06:58 Dec 12 05:12 Dec 19 04:57
Dec 26 05:13 A ---

An eclipse of the Sun can only occur at New Moon (see: Solar Eclipses for Beginners), while an eclipse of the Moon can only occur at Full Moon (see: Lunar Eclipses for Beginners). In any calendar year there are a minimum of two solar and two lunar eclipses.

If an eclipse of the Sun or Moon takes place on a given date, it is noted by a character next to the date in the table above. Solar eclipses are indicated as: T=Total, A=Annular, H=Hybrid and P=Partial. Lunar eclipses are indicated as: t=Total, p=Partial, and n=Penumbral.

Phases of the Moon Photo Gallery is an image collection showing the Moon's phases over a complete synodic month.



2019 Calendar of Astronomical Events

Greenwich Mean Time

The following table gives the date and time of the important astronomical events for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. A key to astronomical terms appears below the calendar.

2019 Calendar of Astronomical Events
January - June July - December
Date     GMT   Event
        (h:m)

Jan 01  21:50  Venus 1.3°S of Moon
    02  05     Saturn in Conjunction with Sun 
    03  05     Earth at Perihelion: 0.98330 AU
    03  07:37  Jupiter 3.1°S of Moon
    04  02     Quadrantid Meteor Shower
    06  01:28  NEW MOON 
    06  01:41  Partial Solar Eclipse; mag=0.715
    06  05     Venus at Greatest Elong: 47.0°W
    07  00:08  Moon at Descending Node 
    09  04:29  Moon at Apogee: 406116 km
    12  08     Mercury at Aphelion 
    12  19:47  Mars 5.3°N of Moon
    14  06:45  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    17  18:20  Aldebaran 1.6°S of Moon
    20  22:48  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  05:12  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.195
    21  05:16  FULL MOON 
    21  15:32  Beehive 0.6°N of Moon
    21  19:58  Moon at Perigee: 357345 km
    23  01:41  Regulus 2.5°S of Moon
    27  21:10  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    30  03     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    30  23:54  Jupiter 2.8°S of Moon
    31  17:36  Venus 0.1°S of Moon: Occn.

Feb 02  07:18  Saturn 0.6°S of Moon: Occn.
    03  06:35  Moon at Descending Node 
    04  21:04  NEW MOON 
    05  09:26  Moon at Apogee: 406556 km
    12  22:26  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    14  03:29  Aldebaran 1.7°S of Moon
    17  09:42  Moon at Ascending Node 
    18  03:05  Beehive 0.6°N of Moon
    19  09:06  Moon at Perigee: 356762 km
    19  13:08  Regulus 2.5°S of Moon
    19  15:53  FULL MOON 
    25  08     Mercury at Perihelion 
    26  11:28  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    27  01     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.1°E
    27  14:17  Jupiter 2.3°S of Moon

Mar 01  18:40  Saturn 0.3°S of Moon: Occn.
    02  11:03  Moon at Descending Node 
    02  21:28  Venus 1.2°N of Moon
    04  11:25  Moon at Apogee: 406391 km
    06  16:04  NEW MOON 
    07  01     Neptune in Conjunction with Sun 
    11  12:09  Mars 5.8°N of Moon
    13  10:13  Aldebaran 1.9°S of Moon
    14  10:27  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    15  02     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    16  16:22  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  13:01  Beehive 0.5°N of Moon
    18  23:59  Regulus 2.6°S of Moon
    19  19:47  Moon at Perigee: 359381 km
    20  21:58  Vernal Equinox 
    21  01:43  FULL MOON 
    27  02:28  Jupiter 1.9°S of Moon
    28  04:10  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    29  05:11  Saturn 0.1°N of Moon: Occn.
    29  13:08  Moon at Descending Node 
    31  03:06  Mars 3.1°S of Pleiades

Apr 01  00:14  Moon at Apogee: 405577 km
    02  04:18  Venus 2.7°N of Moon
    02  23:01  Mercury 3.6°N of Moon
    05  08:50  NEW MOON 
    09  06:40  Mars 4.7°N of Moon
    09  15:43  Aldebaran 2.1°S of Moon
    11  19     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 27.7°W
    12  18:08  Moon at Ascending Node 
    12  19:06  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    13  20:12  Beehive 0.2°N of Moon
    15  00:24  Mars 6.4°N of Aldebaran
    15  08:22  Regulus 2.7°S of Moon
    16  20     Mercury 4.3° of Venus
    16  22:02  Moon at Perigee: 364209 km
    18  03     Venus at Aphelion 
    19  11:12  FULL MOON 
    23  00     Lyrid Meteor Shower
    23  00     Uranus in Conjunction with Sun 
    23  11:36  Jupiter 1.6°S of Moon
    25  14:38  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    25  15:02  Moon at Descending Node 
    26  22:18  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    28  18:20  Moon at Apogee: 404577 km

May 02  11:39  Venus 3.6°N of Moon
    03  06:26  Mercury 2.9°N of Moon
    04  22:45  NEW MOON 
    05  13     Eta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    06  21:52  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon
    07  23:36  Mars 3.2°N of Moon
    09  18:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    10  03:30  Pollux 6.3°N of Moon
    11  01:35  Beehive 0.0°S of Moon
    12  01:12  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    12  14:19  Regulus 3.0°S of Moon
    13  21:53  Moon at Perigee: 369017 km
    18  21:11  FULL MOON 
    20  16:54  Jupiter 1.7°S of Moon
    21  13     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    22  19:12  Moon at Descending Node 
    22  22:25  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    24  07     Mercury at Perihelion 
    26  13:27  Moon at Apogee: 404134 km
    26  16:33  LAST QUARTER MOON 

Jun 01  18:15  Venus 3.2°N of Moon
    03  10:02  NEW MOON 
    04  15:42  Mercury 3.7°N of Moon
    05  15:05  Mars 1.6°N of Moon
    05  22:46  Moon at Ascending Node 
    06  09:41  Pollux 6.2°N of Moon
    07  07:19  Beehive 0.2°S of Moon
    07  23:21  Moon at Perigee: 368508 km
    08  19:36  Regulus 3.2°S of Moon
    09  01:51  Venus 5.0°S of Pleiades
    10  05:59  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    10  15     Jupiter at Opposition 
    16  18:50  Jupiter 2.0°S of Moon
    16  23:09  Venus 4.6°N of Aldebaran
    17  08:31  FULL MOON 
    18  18     Mercury 0.2° of Mars
    19  01:49  Moon at Descending Node 
    19  03:58  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    19  13:04  Mercury 5.2°S of Pollux
    21  08:00  Mars 5.4°S of Pollux
    21  15:54  Summer Solstice 
    23  07:50  Moon at Apogee: 404549 km
    23  23     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 25.2°E
    25  09:46  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    30  15:06  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon

Date     GMT   Event
        (h:m)

Jul 02  19:16  NEW MOON 
    02  19:23  Total Solar Eclipse; mag=1.046
    03  06:53  Moon at Ascending Node 
    04  08:34  Mercury 3.3°S of Moon
    04  13:20  Mercury 2.5°S of Beehive
    04  15:02  Beehive 0.2°S of Moon
    04  23     Earth at Aphelion: 1.01676 AU
    05  04:54  Moon at Perigee: 363729 km
    05  23     Mercury 3.8° of Mars
    06  02:17  Regulus 3.2°S of Moon
    07  07     Mercury at Aphelion 
    09  10:55  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  16     Saturn at Opposition 
    13  07:06  Mars 0.4°S of Beehive
    13  19:43  Jupiter 2.3°S of Moon
    16  07:27  Saturn 0.2°N of Moon: Occn.
    16  09:05  Moon at Descending Node 
    16  21:31  Partial Lunar Eclipse; mag=0.653
    16  21:38  FULL MOON 
    21  00:01  Moon at Apogee: 405480 km
    21  13     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    25  01:18  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    28  00:47  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon
    28  15     Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    30  17:02  Moon at Ascending Node 

Aug 01  03:12  NEW MOON 
    02  07:08  Moon at Perigee: 359398 km
    07  17:31  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  11     Venus at Perihelion 
    09  22:53  Jupiter 2.5°S of Moon
    09  23     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 19.0°W
    12  10:05  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  14:45  Moon at Descending Node 
    12  14:59  Jupiter 4.3°N of Antares
    13  07     Perseid Meteor Shower
    14  06     Venus at Superior Conjunction 
    15  12:29  FULL MOON 
    17  04:24  Mercury 1.2°S of Beehive
    17  10:50  Moon at Apogee: 406244 km
    20  07     Mercury at Perihelion 
    23  14:56  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    24  09:24  Aldebaran 2.4°S of Moon
    26  00     Mars at Aphelion 
    27  01:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    27  14:30  Pollux 6.1°N of Moon
    28  11:31  Beehive 0.2°S of Moon
    30  10:37  NEW MOON 
    30  15:57  Moon at Perigee: 357177 km

Sep 02  10     Mars in Conjunction with Sun 
    04  01     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    06  03:10  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    06  06:52  Jupiter 2.3°S of Moon
    08  13:53  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    08  17:35  Moon at Descending Node 
    10  06     Neptune at Opposition 
    13  13:32  Moon at Apogee: 406378 km
    14  04:33  FULL MOON 
    20  16:14  Aldebaran 2.6°S of Moon
    22  02:41  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    23  06:30  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  07:50  Autumnal Equinox 
    23  23:34  Pollux 5.9°N of Moon
    24  21:15  Beehive 0.4°S of Moon
    26  08:30  Regulus 3.3°S of Moon
    28  02:27  Moon at Perigee: 357803 km
    28  18:26  NEW MOON 
    29  04:15  Mercury 1.2°N of Spica

Oct 03  20:23  Jupiter 1.9°S of Moon
    05  16:47  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  18:49  Moon at Descending Node 
    05  20:48  Saturn 0.3°N of Moon: Occn.
    10  18:29  Moon at Apogee: 405902 km
    13  21:08  FULL MOON 
    17  21:51  Aldebaran 2.9°S of Moon
    20  04     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 24.6°E
    20  07:28  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  06:21  Pollux 5.7°N of Moon
    21  12:39  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    21  23     Orionid Meteor Shower
    22  04:41  Beehive 0.6°S of Moon
    23  17:11  Regulus 3.5°S of Moon
    26  10:41  Moon at Perigee: 361316 km
    28  03:38  NEW MOON 
    28  08     Uranus at Opposition 
    29  13:34  Venus 3.9°S of Moon
    31  04     Mercury 2.5° of Venus
    31  14:22  Jupiter 1.3°S of Moon

Nov 01  21:40  Moon at Descending Node 
    02  07:31  Saturn 0.6°N of Moon: Occn.
    04  10:23  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    06  00     S Taurid Meteor Shower
    07  08:37  Moon at Apogee: 405060 km
    09  19:18  Venus 3.8°N of Antares
    09  23:07  Mars 2.6°N of Spica
    11  15     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    12  13:34  FULL MOON 
    12  23     N Taurid Meteor Shower
    14  03:52  Aldebaran 3.0°S of Moon
    16  06     Mercury at Perihelion 
    16  08:48  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  11:41  Pollux 5.4°N of Moon
    18  05     Leonid Meteor Shower
    18  10:11  Beehive 0.9°S of Moon
    19  21:11  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    19  23:24  Regulus 3.7°S of Moon
    23  07:54  Moon at Perigee: 366721 km
    24  09:02  Mars 4.3°S of Moon
    25  02:50  Mercury 1.9°S of Moon
    26  15:06  NEW MOON 
    28  10     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.1°W
    28  10:49  Jupiter 0.7°S of Moon: Occn.
    28  18:50  Venus 1.9°S of Moon
    29  04:13  Moon at Descending Node 
    29  21:12  Saturn 0.9°N of Moon: Occn.

Dec 04  06:58  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  04:09  Moon at Apogee: 404447 km
    11  11:40  Aldebaran 3.0°S of Moon
    12  05:12  FULL MOON 
    13  14:15  Moon at Ascending Node 
    14  17:51  Pollux 5.3°N of Moon
    14  18     Geminid Meteor Shower
    15  15:54  Beehive 1.0°S of Moon
    17  04:41  Regulus 3.8°S of Moon
    18  20:30  Moon at Perigee: 370260 km
    19  04:57  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    22  04:19  Winter Solstice 
    23  01:49  Mars 3.5°S of Moon
    23  03     Ursid Meteor Shower
    26  05:13  NEW MOON 
    26  05:18  Annular Solar Eclipse; mag=0.970
    26  13:01  Moon at Descending Node 
    27  18     Jupiter in Conjunction with Sun 
    29  01:32  Venus 1.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    30  05     Mercury at Aphelion 

    

Astronomical Definitions

  • Perihelion - the instant when a planet is closest to the Sun
  • Aphelion - the instant when a planet is furthest from the Sun
  • Perigee - the instant when the Moon is closest to Earth
  • Apogee - the instant when the Moon is furthest from Earth
  • Inferior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes between Earth and the Sun (Mercury or Venus)
  • Superior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth (Mercury or Venus)
  • Greatest Elongation - elongation is the apparent angle between a planet and the Sun as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star
  • Opposition - the instant when a planet appears opposite the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Conjunction - the instant when a planet appears closest the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Occultation - the Moon occults or eclipses a star or planet
  • Ascending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the southern to northern portion of its orbit
  • Descending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the northern to the southern portion of its orbit



Calendars for Other Years and Time Zones

The table below contains links to astronomical events calendars for a range of years and Time Zones. Abbreviations for the time zones are: GMT = Greenwich Mean Time, AST = Atlantic Standard Time, EST = Eastern Standard Time, CST = Central Standard Time, MST = Mountain Standard Time, PST = Pacific Standard Time, AKST = Alaskan Standard Time, and HST = Hawaiian Standard Time.

Calendar of Astronomical Events
GMT 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
EST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
CST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
MST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
PST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AKST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
HST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

For years or time zones not covered above, please visit SKYCAL the astronomical events calendar generator.

Accuracy

The times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours and minutes (i.e., hh:mm) are accurate to the nearest minute. Similarly, the times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours (i.e., hh) are accurate to the nearest hour.

A simplified solar ephemeris results an accuracy of ±0.5 hours for the perihelion and aphelion of Earth. The algorithm used in the perihelion and aphelion of the other planets is based on unperturbed elliptical orbits. For Mars, the accuracy is about 2 hours. Due to mutual planetary perturbations, the times for Jupiter may be in error by several weeks, while Saturn's times may be in error by a month. The times for Uranus and Neptune may be in error by several months. In the future, we plan to develop algorithms to improve the computed times of perihelion and aphelion of the planets.

Acknowledgements

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting the phases of the Moon, eclipses and other sky phenomena are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:


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