2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events




    


2014 Phases of the Moon

Alaska Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the Moon's phases for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed.

2014 Phases of the Moon
Alaska Standard Time
New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Last Quarter
Jan 1 02:14 Jan 7 18:39 Jan 15 19:52 Jan 23 20:19
Jan 30 12:39 Feb 6 10:22 Feb 14 14:53 Feb 22 08:15
Feb 28 23:00 Mar 8 04:27 Mar 16 08:09 Mar 23 16:46
Mar 30 09:45 Apr 6 23:31 Apr 14 22:42 t Apr 21 22:52
Apr 28 21:14 A May 6 18:15 May 14 10:16 May 21 03:59
May 28 09:40 Jun 5 11:39 Jun 12 19:11 Jun 19 09:39
Jun 26 23:09 Jul 5 02:59 Jul 12 02:25 Jul 18 17:08
Jul 26 13:42 Aug 3 15:50 Aug 10 09:09 Aug 17 03:26
Aug 25 05:13 Sep 2 02:11 Sep 8 16:38 Sep 15 17:05
Sep 23 21:14 Oct 1 10:33 Oct 8 01:51 t Oct 15 10:12
Oct 23 12:57 P Oct 30 17:48 Nov 6 13:23 Nov 14 06:16
Nov 22 03:32 Nov 29 01:06 Dec 6 03:27 Dec 14 03:51
Dec 21 16:36 Dec 28 09:31 --

An eclipse of the Sun can only occur at New Moon (see: Solar Eclipses for Beginners), while an eclipse of the Moon can only occur at Full Moon (see: Lunar Eclipses for Beginners). In any calendar year there are a minimum of two solar and two lunar eclipses.

If an eclipse of the Sun or Moon takes place on a given date, it is noted by a character next to the date in the table above. Solar eclipses are indicated as: T=Total, A=Annular, H=Hybrid and P=Partial. Lunar eclipses are indicated as: t=Total, p=Partial, and n=Penumbral.

Phases of the Moon Photo Gallery is an image collection showing the Moon's phases over a complete synodic month.



2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events

Alaska Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the important astronomical events for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. A key to astronomical terms appears below the calendar.

2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events
January - June July - December
Date     AKST   Even
        (h:m)

Jan 01  02:14  NEW MOON 
    01  12:00  Moon at Perigee: 356922 km
    02  15     Mars at Aphelion 
    03  11     Quadrantid Meteor Shower
    04  02     Earth at Perihelion: 0.98333 AU
    05  11     Jupiter at Opposition 
    07  18:39  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  02:26  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  03     Venus at Inferior Conjunction 
    11  23:36  Aldebaran 2.6°S of Moon
    14  21:00  Jupiter 4.9°N of Moon
    15  16:53  Moon at Apogee: 406537 km
    15  19:52  FULL MOON 
    18  19:43  Regulus 5.2°N of Moon
    22  21:29  Mars 3.7°N of Moon
    23  00:22  Spica 1.3°S of Moon
    23  17:55  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  19     Venus at Perihelion 
    23  20:19  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    25  05:18  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    28  17:36  Venus 2.2°N of Moon
    30  00:58  Moon at Perigee: 357080 km
    30  12:39  NEW MOON 
    31  01     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.4°E
    31  22:07  Mercury 4.1°S of Moon

Feb 02  11:27  Mars 4.4°N of Spica
    03  15     Mercury at Perihelion 
    05  03:41  Moon at Descending Node 
    06  10:22  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  05:41  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon
    10  21:10  Jupiter 5.0°N of Moon
    11  20:09  Moon at Apogee: 406232 km
    14  14:53  FULL MOON 
    15  01:40  Regulus 5.1°N of Moon
    15  11     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    19  05:54  Spica 1.6°S of Moon
    19  14:59  Mars 3.1°N of Moon
    19  18:28  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  13:39  Saturn 0.3°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  08:15  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    23  08     Neptune in Conjunction with Sun 
    25  20:23  Venus 0.4°S of Moon: Occn.
    27  10:52  Moon at Perigee: 360439 km
    27  12:24  Mercury 2.9°S of Moon
    28  23:00  NEW MOON 

Mar 04  08:45  Moon at Descending Node 
    07  13:07  Aldebaran 2.1°S of Moon
    08  04:27  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    10  02:20  Jupiter 5.2°N of Moon
    11  10:46  Moon at Apogee: 405367 km
    13  21     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 27.6°W
    14  08:33  Regulus 5.1°N of Moon
    16  08:09  FULL MOON 
    18  11:38  Spica 1.7°S of Moon
    18  18:14  Mars 3.2°N of Moon
    18  21:30  Moon at Ascending Node 
    19  14     Mercury at Aphelion 
    20  07:57  Vernal Equinox 
    20  18:40  Saturn 0.2°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  12     Venus at Greatest Elong: 46.6°W
    23  16:46  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    26  06:10  Mars 4.6°N of Spica
    27  00:52  Venus 3.6°S of Moon
    27  09:30  Moon at Perigee: 365706 km
    30  09:45  NEW MOON 
    31  17:30  Moon at Descending Node 

Apr 01  22     Uranus in Conjunction with Sun 
    03  21:52  Aldebaran 2.0°S of Moon
    06  13:25  Jupiter 5.4°N of Moon
    06  23:31  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  05:52  Moon at Apogee: 404503 km
    08  11     Mars at Opposition 
    10  16:26  Regulus 5.2°N of Moon
    14  09:24  Mars 3.5°N of Moon
    14  18:57  Spica 1.7°S of Moon
    14  22:42  FULL MOON 
    14  22:46  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.291
    15  04:22  Moon at Ascending Node 
    16  22:42  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    21  22:52  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    22  08     Lyrid Meteor Shower
    22  15:27  Moon at Perigee: 369765 km
    25  14:16  Venus 4.4°S of Moon
    25  18     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    28  02:36  Moon at Descending Node 
    28  21:03  Annular Solar Eclipse; mag=0.987
    28  21:14  NEW MOON 

May 01  06:51  Aldebaran 2.0°S of Moon
    02  14     Mercury at Perihelion 
    04  05:02  Jupiter 5.5°N of Moon
    04  21     Eta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    06  01:22  Moon at Apogee: 404319 km
    06  18:15  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  00:43  Regulus 5.2°N of Moon
    10  09     Saturn at Opposition 
    11  04:32  Mars 3.0°N of Moon
    12  03:47  Spica 1.7°S of Moon
    12  13:06  Moon at Ascending Node 
    14  03:41  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    14  10:16  FULL MOON 
    16  03     Venus at Aphelion 
    18  02:58  Moon at Perigee: 367099 km
    21  03:59  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    24  22     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 22.7°E
    25  06:43  Venus 2.3°S of Moon
    25  08:56  Moon at Descending Node 
    28  09:40  NEW MOON 
    31  23:07  Jupiter 5.5°N of Moon

Jun 02  19:25  Moon at Apogee: 404956 km
    04  08:35  Regulus 5.0°N of Moon
    05  11:39  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    07  15:44  Mars 1.6°N of Moon
    08  13:05  Spica 1.8°S of Moon
    08  20:36  Moon at Ascending Node 
    10  10:11  Saturn 0.6°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  19:11  FULL MOON 
    14  18:34  Moon at Perigee: 362062 km
    15  02:57  Jupiter 6.3°S of Pollux
    19  09:39  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    19  14     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    21  01:52  Summer Solstice 
    21  11:30  Moon at Descending Node 
    23  04:00  Venus 5.6°S of Pleiades
    24  03:54  Venus 1.3°N of Moon
    24  21:22  Aldebaran 2.0°S of Moon
    26  23:09  NEW MOON 
    30  10:09  Moon at Apogee: 405932 km

Date     AKST   Even
        (h:m)

Jul 01  06:08  Venus 4.0°N of Aldebaran
    01  15:30  Regulus 4.8°N of Moon
    03  15     Earth at Aphelion: 1.01668 AU
    05  02:59  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  16:21  Mars 0.2°S of Moon: Occn.
    05  21:32  Spica 2.0°S of Moon
    06  00:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    07  17:48  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  02:25  FULL MOON 
    12  09     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.9°W
    12  23:27  Moon at Perigee: 358259 km
    13  09:39  Mars 1.2°N of Spica
    16  10     Mercury 6.2° of Venus
    18  12:21  Moon at Descending Node 
    18  17:08  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    22  02:56  Aldebaran 1.8°S of Moon
    24  09:16  Venus 4.4°N of Moon
    24  11     Jupiter in Conjunction with Sun 
    26  13:42  NEW MOON 
    27  18:27  Moon at Apogee: 406570 km
    27  23     Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    28  21:36  Regulus 4.7°N of Moon
    29  13     Mercury at Perihelion 

Aug 02  02:26  Moon at Ascending Node 
    02  04:27  Spica 2.3°S of Moon
    03  01:02  Mars 2.2°S of Moon
    03  15:50  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    04  01:54  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    06  13:29  Venus 6.5°S of Pollux
    08  07     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    10  08:43  Moon at Perigee: 356897 km
    10  09:09  FULL MOON 
    12  15     Perseid Meteor Shower
    14  15:18  Moon at Descending Node 
    17  03:26  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    17  20:05  Venus 0.9°S of Beehive
    17  21:48  Jupiter 1.1°S of Beehive
    18  08:46  Aldebaran 1.6°S of Moon
    23  21:09  Moon at Apogee: 406523 km
    25  05:13  NEW MOON 
    26  20:33  Mercury 3.4°N of Moon
    29  04     Neptune at Opposition 
    29  04:14  Moon at Ascending Node 
    29  10:08  Spica 2.5°S of Moon
    31  10:21  Saturn 0.4°S of Moon: Occn.
    31  14:43  Mars 4.1°S of Moon

Sep 02  02:11  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  11     Venus at Perihelion 
    07  18:29  Moon at Perigee: 358388 km
    08  16:38  FULL MOON 
    10  22:32  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  13     Mercury at Aphelion 
    14  16:01  Aldebaran 1.4°S of Moon
    15  17:05  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    20  01:39  Jupiter 5.4°N of Moon
    20  04:56  Mercury 0.5°S of Spica
    20  05:22  Moon at Apogee: 405846 km
    21  09:52  Regulus 4.7°N of Moon
    21  13     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 26.4°E
    22  17:30  Autumnal Equinox 
    23  21:14  NEW MOON 
    25  08:41  Moon at Ascending Node 
    25  15:48  Spica 2.6°S of Moon
    26  00:32  Mercury 4.2°S of Moon
    27  19:46  Saturn 0.8°S of Moon: Occn.
    27  21:26  Mars 3.0°N of Antares
    29  08:01  Mars 5.6°S of Moon

Oct 01  10:33  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    06  00:41  Moon at Perigee: 362481 km
    07  11     Uranus at Opposition 
    08  01:51  FULL MOON 
    08  01:55  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.166
    08  08:44  Moon at Descending Node 
    12  00:58  Aldebaran 1.4°S of Moon
    15  10:12  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    16  12     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    17  18:25  Jupiter 5.4°N of Moon
    17  21:05  Moon at Apogee: 404898 km
    18  17:08  Regulus 4.7°N of Moon
    21  07     Orionid Meteor Shower
    22  15:46  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  12:45  Partial Solar Eclipse; mag=0.811
    23  12:57  NEW MOON 
    24  22     Venus at Superior Conjunction 
    25  07:04  Saturn 1.0°S of Moon: Occn.
    25  12     Mercury at Perihelion 
    30  17:48  FIRST QUARTER MOON 

Nov 01  03     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.7°W
    02  15:21  Moon at Perigee: 367871 km
    04  03:10  Mercury 3.9°N of Spica
    04  18:13  Moon at Descending Node 
    05  08     S Taurid Meteor Shower
    06  13:23  FULL MOON 
    08  10:41  Aldebaran 1.4°S of Moon
    12  07     N Taurid Meteor Shower
    14  06:16  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    14  08:39  Jupiter 5.2°N of Moon
    14  16:56  Moon at Apogee: 404338 km
    15  01:05  Regulus 4.6°N of Moon
    17  13     Leonid Meteor Shower
    17  23     Saturn in Conjunction with Sun 
    18  23:18  Moon at Ascending Node 
    19  07:01  Spica 2.6°S of Moon
    22  03:32  NEW MOON 
    27  14:11  Moon at Perigee: 369825 km
    29  01:06  FIRST QUARTER MOON 

Dec 01  23:32  Moon at Descending Node 
    05  19:35  Aldebaran 1.5°S of Moon
    06  03:27  FULL MOON 
    08  01     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    08  10:29  Jupiter 2.7°N of Regulus
    11  18:36  Jupiter 5.1°N of Moon
    12  03     Mars at Perihelion 
    12  09:06  Regulus 4.4°N of Moon
    12  14:02  Moon at Apogee: 404584 km
    14  03     Geminid Meteor Shower
    14  03:51  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    16  04:27  Moon at Ascending Node 
    16  16:05  Spica 2.8°S of Moon
    19  11:55  Saturn 1.6°S of Moon
    21  14:03  Winter Solstice 
    21  16:36  NEW MOON 
    22  11     Ursid Meteor Shower
    24  07:43  Moon at Perigee: 364791 km
    24  22:32  Mars 5.7°S of Moon
    28  09:31  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    29  00:27  Moon at Descending Node 

    

Astronomical Definitions

  • Perihelion - the instant when a planet is closest to the Sun
  • Aphelion - the instant when a planet is furthest from the Sun
  • Perigee - the instant when the Moon is closest to Earth
  • Apogee - the instant when the Moon is furthest from Earth
  • Inferior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes between Earth and the Sun (Mercury or Venus)
  • Superior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth (Mercury or Venus)
  • Greatest Elongation - elongation is the apparent angle between a planet and the Sun as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star
  • Opposition - the instant when a planet appears opposite the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Conjunction - the instant when a planet appears closest the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Occultation - the Moon occults or eclipses a star or planet
  • Ascending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the southern to northern portion of its orbit
  • Descending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the northern to the southern portion of its orbit



Calendars for Other Years and Time Zones

The table below contains links to astronomical events calendars for a range of years and Time Zones. Abbreviations for the time zones are: GMT = Greenwich Mean Time, AST = Atlantic Standard Time, EST = Eastern Standard Time, CST = Central Standard Time, MST = Mountain Standard Time, PST = Pacific Standard Time, AKST = Alaskan Standard Time, and HST = Hawaiian Standard Time.

Calendar of Astronomical Events
GMT 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
EST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
CST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
MST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
PST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AKST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
HST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

For years or time zones not covered above, please visit SKYCAL the astronomical events calendar generator.

Accuracy

The times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours and minutes (i.e., hh:mm) are accurate to the nearest minute. Similarly, the times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours (i.e., hh) are accurate to the nearest hour.

A simplified solar ephemeris results an accuracy of ±0.5 hours for the perihelion and aphelion of Earth. The algorithm used in the perihelion and aphelion of the other planets is based on unperturbed elliptical orbits. For Mars, the accuracy is about 2 hours. Due to mutual planetary perturbations, the times for Jupiter may be in error by several weeks, while Saturn's times may be in error by a month. The times for Uranus and Neptune may be in error by several months. In the future, we plan to develop algorithms to improve the computed times of perihelion and aphelion of the planets.

Acknowledgements

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting the phases of the Moon, eclipses and other sky phenomena are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:


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