2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events




    


2014 Phases of the Moon

Hawaiian Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the Moon's phases for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed.

2014 Phases of the Moon
Hawaiian Standard Time
New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Last Quarter
Jan 1 01:14 Jan 7 17:39 Jan 15 18:52 Jan 23 19:19
Jan 30 11:39 Feb 6 09:22 Feb 14 13:53 Feb 22 07:15
Feb 28 22:00 Mar 8 03:27 Mar 16 07:09 Mar 23 15:46
Mar 30 08:45 Apr 6 22:31 Apr 14 21:42 t Apr 21 21:52
Apr 28 20:14 A May 6 17:15 May 14 09:16 May 21 02:59
May 28 08:40 Jun 5 10:39 Jun 12 18:11 Jun 19 08:39
Jun 26 22:09 Jul 5 01:59 Jul 12 01:25 Jul 18 16:08
Jul 26 12:42 Aug 3 14:50 Aug 10 08:09 Aug 17 02:26
Aug 25 04:13 Sep 2 01:11 Sep 8 15:38 Sep 15 16:05
Sep 23 20:14 Oct 1 09:33 Oct 8 00:51 t Oct 15 09:12
Oct 23 11:57 P Oct 30 16:48 Nov 6 12:23 Nov 14 05:16
Nov 22 02:32 Nov 29 00:06 Dec 6 02:27 Dec 14 02:51
Dec 21 15:36 Dec 28 08:31 --

An eclipse of the Sun can only occur at New Moon (see: Solar Eclipses for Beginners), while an eclipse of the Moon can only occur at Full Moon (see: Lunar Eclipses for Beginners). In any calendar year there are a minimum of two solar and two lunar eclipses.

If an eclipse of the Sun or Moon takes place on a given date, it is noted by a character next to the date in the table above. Solar eclipses are indicated as: T=Total, A=Annular, H=Hybrid and P=Partial. Lunar eclipses are indicated as: t=Total, p=Partial, and n=Penumbral.

Phases of the Moon Photo Gallery is an image collection showing the Moon's phases over a complete synodic month.



2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events

Hawaiian Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the important astronomical events for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. A key to astronomical terms appears below the calendar.

2014 Calendar of Astronomical Events
January - June July - December
Date     HST   Event
        (h:m)

Jan 01  01:14  NEW MOON 
    01  11:00  Moon at Perigee: 356922 km
    02  14     Mars at Aphelion 
    03  10     Quadrantid Meteor Shower
    04  01     Earth at Perihelion: 0.98333 AU
    05  10     Jupiter at Opposition 
    07  17:39  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  01:26  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  02     Venus at Inferior Conjunction 
    11  22:36  Aldebaran 2.6°S of Moon
    14  20:00  Jupiter 4.9°N of Moon
    15  15:53  Moon at Apogee: 406537 km
    15  18:52  FULL MOON 
    18  18:43  Regulus 5.2°N of Moon
    22  20:29  Mars 3.7°N of Moon
    22  23:22  Spica 1.3°S of Moon
    23  16:55  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  18     Venus at Perihelion 
    23  19:19  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    25  04:18  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    28  16:36  Venus 2.2°N of Moon
    29  23:58  Moon at Perigee: 357080 km
    30  11:39  NEW MOON 
    31  00     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.4°E
    31  21:07  Mercury 4.1°S of Moon

Feb 02  10:27  Mars 4.4°N of Spica
    03  14     Mercury at Perihelion 
    05  02:41  Moon at Descending Node 
    06  09:22  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  04:41  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon
    10  20:10  Jupiter 5.0°N of Moon
    11  19:09  Moon at Apogee: 406232 km
    14  13:53  FULL MOON 
    15  00:40  Regulus 5.1°N of Moon
    15  10     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    19  04:54  Spica 1.6°S of Moon
    19  13:59  Mars 3.1°N of Moon
    19  17:28  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  12:39  Saturn 0.3°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  07:15  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    23  07     Neptune in Conjunction with Sun 
    25  19:23  Venus 0.4°S of Moon: Occn.
    27  09:52  Moon at Perigee: 360439 km
    27  11:24  Mercury 2.9°S of Moon
    28  22:00  NEW MOON 

Mar 04  07:45  Moon at Descending Node 
    07  12:07  Aldebaran 2.1°S of Moon
    08  03:27  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    10  01:20  Jupiter 5.2°N of Moon
    11  09:46  Moon at Apogee: 405367 km
    13  20     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 27.6°W
    14  07:33  Regulus 5.1°N of Moon
    16  07:09  FULL MOON 
    18  10:38  Spica 1.7°S of Moon
    18  17:14  Mars 3.2°N of Moon
    18  20:30  Moon at Ascending Node 
    19  13     Mercury at Aphelion 
    20  06:57  Vernal Equinox 
    20  17:40  Saturn 0.2°N of Moon: Occn.
    22  11     Venus at Greatest Elong: 46.6°W
    23  15:46  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    26  05:10  Mars 4.6°N of Spica
    26  23:52  Venus 3.6°S of Moon
    27  08:30  Moon at Perigee: 365706 km
    30  08:45  NEW MOON 
    31  16:30  Moon at Descending Node 

Apr 01  21     Uranus in Conjunction with Sun 
    03  20:52  Aldebaran 2.0°S of Moon
    06  12:25  Jupiter 5.4°N of Moon
    06  22:31  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  04:52  Moon at Apogee: 404503 km
    08  10     Mars at Opposition 
    10  15:26  Regulus 5.2°N of Moon
    14  08:24  Mars 3.5°N of Moon
    14  17:57  Spica 1.7°S of Moon
    14  21:42  FULL MOON 
    14  21:46  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.291
    15  03:22  Moon at Ascending Node 
    16  21:42  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    21  21:52  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    22  07     Lyrid Meteor Shower
    22  14:27  Moon at Perigee: 369765 km
    25  13:16  Venus 4.4°S of Moon
    25  17     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    28  01:36  Moon at Descending Node 
    28  20:03  Annular Solar Eclipse; mag=0.987
    28  20:14  NEW MOON 

May 01  05:51  Aldebaran 2.0°S of Moon
    02  13     Mercury at Perihelion 
    04  04:02  Jupiter 5.5°N of Moon
    04  20     Eta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    06  00:22  Moon at Apogee: 404319 km
    06  17:15  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    07  23:43  Regulus 5.2°N of Moon
    10  08     Saturn at Opposition 
    11  03:32  Mars 3.0°N of Moon
    12  02:47  Spica 1.7°S of Moon
    12  12:06  Moon at Ascending Node 
    14  02:41  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    14  09:16  FULL MOON 
    16  02     Venus at Aphelion 
    18  01:58  Moon at Perigee: 367099 km
    21  02:59  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    24  21     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 22.7°E
    25  05:43  Venus 2.3°S of Moon
    25  07:56  Moon at Descending Node 
    28  08:40  NEW MOON 
    31  22:07  Jupiter 5.5°N of Moon

Jun 02  18:25  Moon at Apogee: 404956 km
    04  07:35  Regulus 5.0°N of Moon
    05  10:39  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    07  14:44  Mars 1.6°N of Moon
    08  12:05  Spica 1.8°S of Moon
    08  19:36  Moon at Ascending Node 
    10  09:11  Saturn 0.6°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  18:11  FULL MOON 
    14  17:34  Moon at Perigee: 362062 km
    15  01:57  Jupiter 6.3°S of Pollux
    19  08:39  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    19  13     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    21  00:52  Summer Solstice 
    21  10:30  Moon at Descending Node 
    23  03:00  Venus 5.6°S of Pleiades
    24  02:54  Venus 1.3°N of Moon
    24  20:22  Aldebaran 2.0°S of Moon
    26  22:09  NEW MOON 
    30  09:09  Moon at Apogee: 405932 km

Date     HST   Event
        (h:m)

Jul 01  05:08  Venus 4.0°N of Aldebaran
    01  14:30  Regulus 4.8°N of Moon
    03  14     Earth at Aphelion: 1.01668 AU
    05  01:59  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  15:21  Mars 0.2°S of Moon: Occn.
    05  20:32  Spica 2.0°S of Moon
    05  23:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    07  16:48  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  01:25  FULL MOON 
    12  08     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.9°W
    12  22:27  Moon at Perigee: 358259 km
    13  08:39  Mars 1.2°N of Spica
    16  09     Mercury 6.2° of Venus
    18  11:21  Moon at Descending Node 
    18  16:08  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    22  01:56  Aldebaran 1.8°S of Moon
    24  08:16  Venus 4.4°N of Moon
    24  10     Jupiter in Conjunction with Sun 
    26  12:42  NEW MOON 
    27  17:27  Moon at Apogee: 406570 km
    27  22     Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    28  20:36  Regulus 4.7°N of Moon
    29  12     Mercury at Perihelion 

Aug 02  01:26  Moon at Ascending Node 
    02  03:27  Spica 2.3°S of Moon
    03  00:02  Mars 2.2°S of Moon
    03  14:50  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    04  00:54  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    06  12:29  Venus 6.5°S of Pollux
    08  06     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    10  07:43  Moon at Perigee: 356897 km
    10  08:09  FULL MOON 
    12  14     Perseid Meteor Shower
    14  14:18  Moon at Descending Node 
    17  02:26  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    17  19:05  Venus 0.9°S of Beehive
    17  20:48  Jupiter 1.1°S of Beehive
    18  07:46  Aldebaran 1.6°S of Moon
    23  20:09  Moon at Apogee: 406523 km
    25  04:13  NEW MOON 
    26  19:33  Mercury 3.4°N of Moon
    29  03     Neptune at Opposition 
    29  03:14  Moon at Ascending Node 
    29  09:08  Spica 2.5°S of Moon
    31  09:21  Saturn 0.4°S of Moon: Occn.
    31  13:43  Mars 4.1°S of Moon

Sep 02  01:11  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  10     Venus at Perihelion 
    07  17:29  Moon at Perigee: 358388 km
    08  15:38  FULL MOON 
    10  21:32  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  12     Mercury at Aphelion 
    14  15:01  Aldebaran 1.4°S of Moon
    15  16:05  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    20  00:39  Jupiter 5.4°N of Moon
    20  03:56  Mercury 0.5°S of Spica
    20  04:22  Moon at Apogee: 405846 km
    21  08:52  Regulus 4.7°N of Moon
    21  12     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 26.4°E
    22  16:30  Autumnal Equinox 
    23  20:14  NEW MOON 
    25  07:41  Moon at Ascending Node 
    25  14:48  Spica 2.6°S of Moon
    25  23:32  Mercury 4.2°S of Moon
    27  18:46  Saturn 0.8°S of Moon: Occn.
    27  20:26  Mars 3.0°N of Antares
    29  07:01  Mars 5.6°S of Moon

Oct 01  09:33  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  23:41  Moon at Perigee: 362481 km
    07  10     Uranus at Opposition 
    08  00:51  FULL MOON 
    08  00:55  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.166
    08  07:44  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  23:58  Aldebaran 1.4°S of Moon
    15  09:12  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    16  11     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    17  17:25  Jupiter 5.4°N of Moon
    17  20:05  Moon at Apogee: 404898 km
    18  16:08  Regulus 4.7°N of Moon
    21  06     Orionid Meteor Shower
    22  14:46  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  11:45  Partial Solar Eclipse; mag=0.811
    23  11:57  NEW MOON 
    24  21     Venus at Superior Conjunction 
    25  06:04  Saturn 1.0°S of Moon: Occn.
    25  11     Mercury at Perihelion 
    30  16:48  FIRST QUARTER MOON 

Nov 01  02     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.7°W
    02  14:21  Moon at Perigee: 367871 km
    04  02:10  Mercury 3.9°N of Spica
    04  17:13  Moon at Descending Node 
    05  07     S Taurid Meteor Shower
    06  12:23  FULL MOON 
    08  09:41  Aldebaran 1.4°S of Moon
    12  06     N Taurid Meteor Shower
    14  05:16  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    14  07:39  Jupiter 5.2°N of Moon
    14  15:56  Moon at Apogee: 404338 km
    15  00:05  Regulus 4.6°N of Moon
    17  12     Leonid Meteor Shower
    17  22     Saturn in Conjunction with Sun 
    18  22:18  Moon at Ascending Node 
    19  06:01  Spica 2.6°S of Moon
    22  02:32  NEW MOON 
    27  13:11  Moon at Perigee: 369825 km
    29  00:06  FIRST QUARTER MOON 

Dec 01  22:32  Moon at Descending Node 
    05  18:35  Aldebaran 1.5°S of Moon
    06  02:27  FULL MOON 
    08  00     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    08  09:29  Jupiter 2.7°N of Regulus
    11  17:36  Jupiter 5.1°N of Moon
    12  02     Mars at Perihelion 
    12  08:06  Regulus 4.4°N of Moon
    12  13:02  Moon at Apogee: 404584 km
    14  02     Geminid Meteor Shower
    14  02:51  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    16  03:27  Moon at Ascending Node 
    16  15:05  Spica 2.8°S of Moon
    19  10:55  Saturn 1.6°S of Moon
    21  13:03  Winter Solstice 
    21  15:36  NEW MOON 
    22  10     Ursid Meteor Shower
    24  06:43  Moon at Perigee: 364791 km
    24  21:32  Mars 5.7°S of Moon
    28  08:31  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    28  23:27  Moon at Descending Node 

    

Astronomical Definitions

  • Perihelion - the instant when a planet is closest to the Sun
  • Aphelion - the instant when a planet is furthest from the Sun
  • Perigee - the instant when the Moon is closest to Earth
  • Apogee - the instant when the Moon is furthest from Earth
  • Inferior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes between Earth and the Sun (Mercury or Venus)
  • Superior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth (Mercury or Venus)
  • Greatest Elongation - elongation is the apparent angle between a planet and the Sun as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star
  • Opposition - the instant when a planet appears opposite the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Conjunction - the instant when a planet appears closest the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Occultation - the Moon occults or eclipses a star or planet
  • Ascending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the southern to northern portion of its orbit
  • Descending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the northern to the southern portion of its orbit



Calendars for Other Years and Time Zones

The table below contains links to astronomical events calendars for a range of years and Time Zones. Abbreviations for the time zones are: GMT = Greenwich Mean Time, AST = Atlantic Standard Time, EST = Eastern Standard Time, CST = Central Standard Time, MST = Mountain Standard Time, PST = Pacific Standard Time, AKST = Alaskan Standard Time, and HST = Hawaiian Standard Time.

Calendar of Astronomical Events
GMT 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
EST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
CST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
MST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
PST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AKST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
HST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

For years or time zones not covered above, please visit SKYCAL the astronomical events calendar generator.

Accuracy

The times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours and minutes (i.e., hh:mm) are accurate to the nearest minute. Similarly, the times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours (i.e., hh) are accurate to the nearest hour.

A simplified solar ephemeris results an accuracy of ±0.5 hours for the perihelion and aphelion of Earth. The algorithm used in the perihelion and aphelion of the other planets is based on unperturbed elliptical orbits. For Mars, the accuracy is about 2 hours. Due to mutual planetary perturbations, the times for Jupiter may be in error by several weeks, while Saturn's times may be in error by a month. The times for Uranus and Neptune may be in error by several months. In the future, we plan to develop algorithms to improve the computed times of perihelion and aphelion of the planets.

Acknowledgements

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting the phases of the Moon, eclipses and other sky phenomena are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:


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