2019 Calendar of Astronomical Events



2019 Phases of the Moon

Eastern Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the Moon's phases for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed.

2019 Phases of the Moon
Eastern Standard Time
New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Last Quarter
Jan 5 20:28 P Jan 14 01:45 Jan 21 00:16 t Jan 27 16:10
Feb 4 16:04 Feb 12 17:26 Feb 19 10:53 Feb 26 06:28
Mar 6 11:04 Mar 14 05:27 Mar 20 20:43 Mar 27 23:10
Apr 5 03:50 Apr 12 14:06 Apr 19 06:12 Apr 26 17:18
May 4 17:45 May 11 20:12 May 18 16:11 May 26 11:33
Jun 3 05:02 Jun 10 00:59 Jun 17 03:31 Jun 25 04:46
Jul 2 14:16 T Jul 9 05:55 Jul 16 16:38 p Jul 24 20:18
Jul 31 22:12 Aug 7 12:31 Aug 15 07:29 Aug 23 09:56
Aug 30 05:37 Sep 5 22:10 Sep 13 23:33 Sep 21 21:41
Sep 28 13:26 Oct 5 11:47 Oct 13 16:08 Oct 21 07:39
Oct 27 22:38 Nov 4 05:23 Nov 12 08:34 Nov 19 16:11
Nov 26 10:06 Dec 4 01:58 Dec 12 00:12 Dec 18 23:57
Dec 26 00:13 A ---

An eclipse of the Sun can only occur at New Moon (see: Solar Eclipses for Beginners), while an eclipse of the Moon can only occur at Full Moon (see: Lunar Eclipses for Beginners). In any calendar year there are a minimum of two solar and two lunar eclipses.

If an eclipse of the Sun or Moon takes place on a given date, it is noted by a character next to the date in the table above. Solar eclipses are indicated as: T=Total, A=Annular, H=Hybrid and P=Partial. Lunar eclipses are indicated as: t=Total, p=Partial, and n=Penumbral.

Phases of the Moon Photo Gallery is an image collection showing the Moon's phases over a complete synodic month.



2019 Calendar of Astronomical Events

Eastern Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the important astronomical events for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. A key to astronomical terms appears below the calendar.

2019 Calendar of Astronomical Events
January - June July - December
Date     EST   Event
        (h:m)

Jan 01  16:50  Venus 1.3°S of Moon
    02  00     Saturn in Conjunction with Sun 
    03  00     Earth at Perihelion: 0.98330 AU
    03  02:37  Jupiter 3.1°S of Moon
    03  21     Quadrantid Meteor Shower
    05  20:28  NEW MOON 
    05  20:41  Partial Solar Eclipse; mag=0.715
    06  00     Venus at Greatest Elong: 47.0°W
    06  19:08  Moon at Descending Node 
    08  23:29  Moon at Apogee: 406116 km
    12  03     Mercury at Aphelion 
    12  14:47  Mars 5.3°N of Moon
    14  01:45  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    17  13:20  Aldebaran 1.6°S of Moon
    20  17:48  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  00:12  Total Lunar Eclipse; mag=1.195
    21  00:16  FULL MOON 
    21  10:32  Beehive 0.6°N of Moon
    21  14:58  Moon at Perigee: 357345 km
    22  20:41  Regulus 2.5°S of Moon
    27  16:10  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    29  22     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    30  18:54  Jupiter 2.8°S of Moon
    31  12:36  Venus 0.1°S of Moon: Occn.

Feb 02  02:18  Saturn 0.6°S of Moon: Occn.
    03  01:35  Moon at Descending Node 
    04  16:04  NEW MOON 
    05  04:26  Moon at Apogee: 406556 km
    12  17:26  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    13  22:29  Aldebaran 1.7°S of Moon
    17  04:42  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  22:05  Beehive 0.6°N of Moon
    19  04:06  Moon at Perigee: 356762 km
    19  08:08  Regulus 2.5°S of Moon
    19  10:53  FULL MOON 
    25  03     Mercury at Perihelion 
    26  06:28  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    26  20     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 18.1°E
    27  09:17  Jupiter 2.3°S of Moon

Mar 01  13:40  Saturn 0.3°S of Moon: Occn.
    02  06:03  Moon at Descending Node 
    02  16:28  Venus 1.2°N of Moon
    04  06:25  Moon at Apogee: 406391 km
    06  11:04  NEW MOON 
    06  20     Neptune in Conjunction with Sun 
    11  07:09  Mars 5.8°N of Moon
    13  05:13  Aldebaran 1.9°S of Moon
    14  05:27  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    14  21     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    16  11:22  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  08:01  Beehive 0.5°N of Moon
    18  18:59  Regulus 2.6°S of Moon
    19  14:47  Moon at Perigee: 359381 km
    20  16:58  Vernal Equinox 
    20  20:43  FULL MOON 
    26  21:28  Jupiter 1.9°S of Moon
    27  23:10  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    29  00:11  Saturn 0.1°N of Moon: Occn.
    29  08:08  Moon at Descending Node 
    30  22:06  Mars 3.1°S of Pleiades
    31  19:14  Moon at Apogee: 405577 km

Apr 01  23:18  Venus 2.7°N of Moon
    02  18:01  Mercury 3.6°N of Moon
    05  03:50  NEW MOON 
    09  01:40  Mars 4.7°N of Moon
    09  10:43  Aldebaran 2.1°S of Moon
    11  14     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 27.7°W
    12  13:08  Moon at Ascending Node 
    12  14:06  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    13  15:12  Beehive 0.2°N of Moon
    14  19:24  Mars 6.4°N of Aldebaran
    15  03:22  Regulus 2.7°S of Moon
    16  15     Mercury 4.3° of Venus
    16  17:02  Moon at Perigee: 364209 km
    17  22     Venus at Aphelion 
    19  06:12  FULL MOON 
    22  19     Lyrid Meteor Shower
    22  19     Uranus in Conjunction with Sun 
    23  06:36  Jupiter 1.6°S of Moon
    25  09:38  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    25  10:02  Moon at Descending Node 
    26  17:18  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    28  13:20  Moon at Apogee: 404577 km

May 02  06:39  Venus 3.6°N of Moon
    03  01:26  Mercury 2.9°N of Moon
    04  17:45  NEW MOON 
    05  08     Eta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    06  16:52  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon
    07  18:36  Mars 3.2°N of Moon
    09  13:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    09  22:30  Pollux 6.3°N of Moon
    10  20:35  Beehive 0.0°S of Moon
    11  20:12  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    12  09:19  Regulus 3.0°S of Moon
    13  16:53  Moon at Perigee: 369017 km
    18  16:11  FULL MOON 
    20  11:54  Jupiter 1.7°S of Moon
    21  08     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    22  14:12  Moon at Descending Node 
    22  17:25  Saturn 0.5°N of Moon: Occn.
    24  02     Mercury at Perihelion 
    26  08:27  Moon at Apogee: 404134 km
    26  11:33  LAST QUARTER MOON 

Jun 01  13:15  Venus 3.2°N of Moon
    03  05:02  NEW MOON 
    04  10:42  Mercury 3.7°N of Moon
    05  10:05  Mars 1.6°N of Moon
    05  17:46  Moon at Ascending Node 
    06  04:41  Pollux 6.2°N of Moon
    07  02:19  Beehive 0.2°S of Moon
    07  18:21  Moon at Perigee: 368508 km
    08  14:36  Regulus 3.2°S of Moon
    08  20:51  Venus 5.0°S of Pleiades
    10  00:59  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    10  10     Jupiter at Opposition 
    16  13:50  Jupiter 2.0°S of Moon
    16  18:09  Venus 4.6°N of Aldebaran
    17  03:31  FULL MOON 
    18  13     Mercury 0.2° of Mars
    18  20:49  Moon at Descending Node 
    18  22:58  Saturn 0.4°N of Moon: Occn.
    19  08:04  Mercury 5.2°S of Pollux
    21  03:00  Mars 5.4°S of Pollux
    21  10:54  Summer Solstice 
    23  02:50  Moon at Apogee: 404549 km
    23  18     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 25.2°E
    25  04:46  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    30  10:06  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon

Date     EST   Event
        (h:m)

Jul 02  14:16  NEW MOON 
    02  14:23  Total Solar Eclipse; mag=1.046
    03  01:53  Moon at Ascending Node 
    04  03:34  Mercury 3.3°S of Moon
    04  08:20  Mercury 2.5°S of Beehive
    04  10:02  Beehive 0.2°S of Moon
    04  18     Earth at Aphelion: 1.01676 AU
    04  23:54  Moon at Perigee: 363729 km
    05  18     Mercury 3.8° of Mars
    05  21:17  Regulus 3.2°S of Moon
    07  02     Mercury at Aphelion 
    09  05:55  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  11     Saturn at Opposition 
    13  02:06  Mars 0.4°S of Beehive
    13  14:43  Jupiter 2.3°S of Moon
    16  02:27  Saturn 0.2°N of Moon: Occn.
    16  04:05  Moon at Descending Node 
    16  16:31  Partial Lunar Eclipse; mag=0.653
    16  16:38  FULL MOON 
    20  19:01  Moon at Apogee: 405480 km
    21  08     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    24  20:18  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    27  19:47  Aldebaran 2.3°S of Moon
    28  10     Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    30  12:02  Moon at Ascending Node 
    31  22:12  NEW MOON 

Aug 02  02:08  Moon at Perigee: 359398 km
    07  12:31  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    08  06     Venus at Perihelion 
    09  17:53  Jupiter 2.5°S of Moon
    09  18     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 19.0°W
    12  05:05  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    12  09:45  Moon at Descending Node 
    12  09:59  Jupiter 4.3°N of Antares
    13  02     Perseid Meteor Shower
    14  01     Venus at Superior Conjunction 
    15  07:29  FULL MOON 
    16  23:24  Mercury 1.2°S of Beehive
    17  05:50  Moon at Apogee: 406244 km
    20  02     Mercury at Perihelion 
    23  09:56  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    24  04:24  Aldebaran 2.4°S of Moon
    25  19     Mars at Aphelion 
    26  20:50  Moon at Ascending Node 
    27  09:30  Pollux 6.1°N of Moon
    28  06:31  Beehive 0.2°S of Moon
    30  05:37  NEW MOON 
    30  10:57  Moon at Perigee: 357177 km

Sep 02  05     Mars in Conjunction with Sun 
    03  20     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    05  22:10  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    06  01:52  Jupiter 2.3°S of Moon
    08  08:53  Saturn 0.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    08  12:35  Moon at Descending Node 
    10  01     Neptune at Opposition 
    13  08:32  Moon at Apogee: 406378 km
    13  23:33  FULL MOON 
    20  11:14  Aldebaran 2.6°S of Moon
    21  21:41  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    23  01:30  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  02:50  Autumnal Equinox 
    23  18:34  Pollux 5.9°N of Moon
    24  16:15  Beehive 0.4°S of Moon
    26  03:30  Regulus 3.3°S of Moon
    27  21:27  Moon at Perigee: 357803 km
    28  13:26  NEW MOON 
    28  23:15  Mercury 1.2°N of Spica

Oct 03  15:23  Jupiter 1.9°S of Moon
    05  11:47  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  13:49  Moon at Descending Node 
    05  15:48  Saturn 0.3°N of Moon: Occn.
    10  13:29  Moon at Apogee: 405902 km
    13  16:08  FULL MOON 
    17  16:51  Aldebaran 2.9°S of Moon
    19  23     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 24.6°E
    20  02:28  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  01:21  Pollux 5.7°N of Moon
    21  07:39  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    21  18     Orionid Meteor Shower
    21  23:41  Beehive 0.6°S of Moon
    23  12:11  Regulus 3.5°S of Moon
    26  05:41  Moon at Perigee: 361316 km
    27  22:38  NEW MOON 
    28  03     Uranus at Opposition 
    29  08:34  Venus 3.9°S of Moon
    30  23     Mercury 2.5° of Venus
    31  09:22  Jupiter 1.3°S of Moon

Nov 01  16:40  Moon at Descending Node 
    02  02:31  Saturn 0.6°N of Moon: Occn.
    04  05:23  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    05  19     S Taurid Meteor Shower
    07  03:37  Moon at Apogee: 405060 km
    09  14:18  Venus 3.8°N of Antares
    09  18:07  Mars 2.6°N of Spica
    11  10     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    12  08:34  FULL MOON 
    12  18     N Taurid Meteor Shower
    13  22:52  Aldebaran 3.0°S of Moon
    16  01     Mercury at Perihelion 
    16  03:48  Moon at Ascending Node 
    17  06:41  Pollux 5.4°N of Moon
    18  00     Leonid Meteor Shower
    18  05:11  Beehive 0.9°S of Moon
    19  16:11  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    19  18:24  Regulus 3.7°S of Moon
    23  02:54  Moon at Perigee: 366721 km
    24  04:02  Mars 4.3°S of Moon
    24  21:50  Mercury 1.9°S of Moon
    26  10:06  NEW MOON 
    28  05     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.1°W
    28  05:49  Jupiter 0.7°S of Moon: Occn.
    28  13:50  Venus 1.9°S of Moon
    28  23:13  Moon at Descending Node 
    29  16:12  Saturn 0.9°N of Moon: Occn.

Dec 04  01:58  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    04  23:09  Moon at Apogee: 404447 km
    11  06:40  Aldebaran 3.0°S of Moon
    12  00:12  FULL MOON 
    13  09:15  Moon at Ascending Node 
    14  12:51  Pollux 5.3°N of Moon
    14  13     Geminid Meteor Shower
    15  10:54  Beehive 1.0°S of Moon
    16  23:41  Regulus 3.8°S of Moon
    18  15:30  Moon at Perigee: 370260 km
    18  23:57  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    21  23:19  Winter Solstice 
    22  20:49  Mars 3.5°S of Moon
    22  22     Ursid Meteor Shower
    26  00:13  NEW MOON 
    26  00:18  Annular Solar Eclipse; mag=0.970
    26  08:01  Moon at Descending Node 
    27  13     Jupiter in Conjunction with Sun 
    28  20:32  Venus 1.0°N of Moon: Occn.
    30  00     Mercury at Aphelion 

    

Astronomical Definitions

  • Perihelion - the instant when a planet is closest to the Sun
  • Aphelion - the instant when a planet is furthest from the Sun
  • Perigee - the instant when the Moon is closest to Earth
  • Apogee - the instant when the Moon is furthest from Earth
  • Inferior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes between Earth and the Sun (Mercury or Venus)
  • Superior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth (Mercury or Venus)
  • Greatest Elongation - elongation is the apparent angle between a planet and the Sun as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star
  • Opposition - the instant when a planet appears opposite the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Conjunction - the instant when a planet appears closest the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Occultation - the Moon occults or eclipses a star or planet
  • Ascending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the southern to northern portion of its orbit
  • Descending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the northern to the southern portion of its orbit



Calendars for Other Years and Time Zones

The table below contains links to astronomical events calendars for a range of years and Time Zones. Abbreviations for the time zones are: GMT = Greenwich Mean Time, AST = Atlantic Standard Time, EST = Eastern Standard Time, CST = Central Standard Time, MST = Mountain Standard Time, PST = Pacific Standard Time, AKST = Alaskan Standard Time, and HST = Hawaiian Standard Time.

Calendar of Astronomical Events
GMT 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
EST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
CST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
MST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
PST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AKST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
HST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

For years or time zones not covered above, please visit SKYCAL the astronomical events calendar generator.

Accuracy

The times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours and minutes (i.e., hh:mm) are accurate to the nearest minute. Similarly, the times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours (i.e., hh) are accurate to the nearest hour.

A simplified solar ephemeris results an accuracy of ±0.5 hours for the perihelion and aphelion of Earth. The algorithm used in the perihelion and aphelion of the other planets is based on unperturbed elliptical orbits. For Mars, the accuracy is about 2 hours. Due to mutual planetary perturbations, the times for Jupiter may be in error by several weeks, while Saturn's times may be in error by a month. The times for Uranus and Neptune may be in error by several months. In the future, we plan to develop algorithms to improve the computed times of perihelion and aphelion of the planets.

Acknowledgements

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting the phases of the Moon, eclipses and other sky phenomena are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:


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