2016 Calendar of Astronomical Events




    


2016 Phases of the Moon

Central Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the Moon's phases for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed.

2016 Phases of the Moon
Central Standard Time
New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Last Quarter
--- Jan 1 23:30
Jan 9 19:30 Jan 16 17:26 Jan 23 19:46 Jan 31 21:28
Feb 8 08:39 Feb 15 01:46 Feb 22 12:20 Mar 1 17:11
Mar 8 19:54 T Mar 15 11:03 Mar 23 06:01 n Mar 31 09:17
Apr 7 05:24 Apr 13 21:59 Apr 21 23:24 Apr 29 21:29
May 6 13:30 May 13 11:02 May 21 15:15 May 29 06:12
Jun 4 21:00 Jun 12 02:10 Jun 20 05:02 Jun 27 12:19
Jul 4 05:01 Jul 11 18:52 Jul 19 16:57 Jul 26 17:00
Aug 2 14:45 Aug 10 12:21 Aug 18 03:27 Aug 24 21:41
Sep 1 03:03 A Sep 9 05:49 Sep 16 13:05 n Sep 23 03:56
Sep 30 18:12 Oct 8 22:33 Oct 15 22:23 Oct 22 13:14
Oct 30 11:38 Nov 7 13:51 Nov 14 07:52 Nov 21 02:33
Nov 29 06:18 Dec 7 03:03 Dec 13 18:06 Dec 20 19:56
Dec 29 00:53 ---

An eclipse of the Sun can only occur at New Moon (see: Solar Eclipses for Beginners), while an eclipse of the Moon can only occur at Full Moon (see: Lunar Eclipses for Beginners). In any calendar year there are a minimum of two solar and two lunar eclipses.

If an eclipse of the Sun or Moon takes place on a given date, it is noted by a character next to the date in the table above. Solar eclipses are indicated as: T=Total, A=Annular, H=Hybrid and P=Partial. Lunar eclipses are indicated as: t=Total, p=Partial, and n=Penumbral.

Phases of the Moon Photo Gallery is an image collection showing the Moon's phases over a complete synodic month.



2016 Calendar of Astronomical Events

Central Standard Time

The following table gives the date and time of the important astronomical events for the year. If Daylight Saving Time is in effect, add one hour to the times listed. A key to astronomical terms appears below the calendar.

2016 Calendar of Astronomical Events
January - June July - December
Date     CST   Event
        (h:m)

Jan 01  23:30  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    02  05:53  Moon at Apogee: 404279 km
    02  17     Earth at Perihelion: 0.98330 AU
    02  21:35  Spica 4.7°S of Moon
    03  12:45  Mars 1.5°S of Moon
    04  02     Quadrantid Meteor Shower
    06  17:57  Venus 3.1°S of Moon
    06  22:57  Saturn 3.3°S of Moon
    07  05:34  Venus 6.3°N of Antares
    08  12     Mercury at Perihelion 
    09  19:30  NEW MOON 
    14  08     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    14  09:48  Moon at Descending Node 
    14  20:10  Moon at Perigee: 369619 km
    16  17:26  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    19  20:16  Aldebaran 0.5°S of Moon
    23  19:46  FULL MOON 
    25  23:10  Regulus 2.5°N of Moon
    27  17:58  Moon at Ascending Node 
    27  19:14  Jupiter 1.4°N of Moon
    30  03:10  Moon at Apogee: 404553 km
    30  05:35  Spica 5.0°S of Moon
    31  21:28  LAST QUARTER MOON 

Feb 01  02:48  Mars 2.7°S of Moon
    03  13:05  Saturn 3.5°S of Moon
    06  01:32  Venus 4.3°S of Moon
    06  10:47  Mercury 3.8°S of Moon
    06  19     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 25.6°W
    08  08:39  NEW MOON 
    10  14:46  Moon at Descending Node 
    10  20:42  Moon at Perigee: 364358 km
    12  21     Mercury 4.0° of Venus
    15  01:46  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    16  01:41  Aldebaran 0.3°S of Moon
    21  11     Mercury at Aphelion 
    22  06:48  Regulus 2.5°N of Moon
    22  12:20  FULL MOON 
    23  21:58  Jupiter 1.7°N of Moon
    24  00:10  Moon at Ascending Node 
    26  13:05  Spica 5.1°S of Moon
    26  21:28  Moon at Apogee: 405383 km
    28  09     Neptune in Conjunction with Sun 
    29  12:16  Mars 3.6°S of Moon

Mar 01  17:11  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    02  00:53  Saturn 3.6°S of Moon
    07  04:54  Venus 3.5°S of Moon
    08  04     Jupiter at Opposition 
    08  19:54  NEW MOON 
    08  19:57  Total Solar Eclipse; mag=1.045
    09  00:31  Moon at Descending Node 
    10  01:02  Moon at Perigee: 359509 km
    14  07:44  Aldebaran 0.3°S of Moon
    15  11:03  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    19  22:31  Vernal Equinox 
    20  08     Venus at Aphelion 
    20  13:05  Regulus 2.5°N of Moon
    21  21:57  Jupiter 2.1°N of Moon
    22  06:59  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  05:47  Pen. Lunar Eclipse; mag=0.775
    23  06:01  FULL MOON 
    23  14     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    24  19:50  Spica 5.1°S of Moon
    25  08:16  Moon at Apogee: 406125 km
    28  12:45  Mars 4.2°S of Moon
    29  08:58  Saturn 3.5°S of Moon
    31  09:17  LAST QUARTER MOON 

Apr 05  11     Mercury at Perihelion 
    05  11:27  Moon at Descending Node 
    06  02:30  Venus 0.7°S of Moon: Occn.
    07  05:24  NEW MOON 
    07  11:36  Moon at Perigee: 357164 km
    08  04:35  Mercury 5.2°N of Moon
    09  15     Uranus in Conjunction with Sun 
    10  16:05  Aldebaran 0.4°S of Moon
    13  21:59  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    16  18:46  Regulus 2.5°N of Moon
    17  22:42  Jupiter 2.2°N of Moon
    18  08     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 19.9°E
    18  12:04  Moon at Ascending Node 
    21  01:59  Spica 5.1°S of Moon
    21  10:05  Moon at Apogee: 406352 km
    21  23:24  FULL MOON 
    21  23     Lyrid Meteor Shower
    24  22:13  Mars 4.9°S of Moon
    25  13:28  Saturn 3.3°S of Moon
    27  07:51  Mars 4.8°N of Antares
    28  02:14  Mercury 3.0°S of Pleiades
    29  21:29  LAST QUARTER MOON 

May 02  19:27  Moon at Descending Node 
    04  13     Eta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    05  22:14  Moon at Perigee: 357828 km
    06  13:30  NEW MOON 
    08  02:21  Aldebaran 0.5°S of Moon
    09  09     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    13  11:02  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    14  01:06  Regulus 2.3°N of Moon
    15  03:30  Jupiter 2.0°N of Moon
    15  14:39  Moon at Ascending Node 
    18  08:07  Spica 5.1°S of Moon
    18  16:06  Moon at Apogee: 405934 km
    21  15:15  FULL MOON 
    22  05     Mars at Opposition 
    22  15:59  Saturn 3.2°S of Moon
    29  06:12  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    29  22:45  Moon at Descending Node 

Jun 03  00     Saturn at Opposition 
    03  03:47  Mercury 0.7°N of Moon: Occn.
    03  04:55  Moon at Perigee: 361142 km
    04  21:00  NEW MOON 
    05  03     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 24.2°W
    06  16     Venus at Superior Conjunction 
    10  08:47  Regulus 2.0°N of Moon
    11  13:35  Jupiter 1.5°N of Moon
    11  16:20  Moon at Ascending Node 
    12  02:10  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    13  04:06  Mercury 6.4°S of Pleiades
    14  14:47  Spica 5.3°S of Moon
    15  06:00  Moon at Apogee: 405022 km
    18  18:40  Saturn 3.3°S of Moon
    18  21:39  Mercury 3.7°N of Aldebaran
    20  05:02  FULL MOON 
    20  16:35  Summer Solstice 
    25  23:28  Moon at Descending Node 
    27  12:19  LAST QUARTER MOON 

Date     CST   Event
        (h:m)

Jul 01  00:45  Moon at Perigee: 365983 km
    01  21:58  Aldebaran 0.4°S of Moon
    02  10     Mercury at Perihelion 
    04  05:01  NEW MOON 
    04  10     Earth at Aphelion: 1.01675 AU
    06  21     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    07  17:33  Regulus 1.8°N of Moon
    08  19:41  Moon at Ascending Node 
    09  04:08  Jupiter 0.9°N of Moon: Occn.
    10  17     Venus at Perihelion 
    11  18:52  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    11  22:13  Spica 5.6°S of Moon
    12  23:24  Moon at Apogee: 404272 km
    15  23:11  Saturn 3.4°S of Moon
    19  16:57  FULL MOON 
    23  01:49  Moon at Descending Node 
    26  17:00  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    27  05:25  Moon at Perigee: 369659 km
    27  15     Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower
    29  04:53  Aldebaran 0.3°S of Moon
    30  09:55  Mercury 0.3°N of Regulus

Aug 02  14:45  NEW MOON 
    04  00:19  Venus 2.9°N of Moon
    04  16:12  Mercury 0.6°N of Moon: Occn.
    05  01:48  Moon at Ascending Node 
    05  05:57  Venus 1.0°N of Regulus
    05  21:28  Jupiter 0.2°N of Moon: Occn.
    08  06:08  Spica 5.8°S of Moon
    09  18:05  Moon at Apogee: 404266 km
    10  12:21  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    12  06:10  Saturn 3.7°S of Moon
    12  06     Perseid Meteor Shower
    15  10     Mercury at Aphelion 
    16  15     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 27.4°E
    18  03:27  FULL MOON 
    19  08:14  Moon at Descending Node 
    20  00     Mercury 3.8° of Jupiter
    21  19:20  Moon at Perigee: 367047 km
    23  23:09  Mars 1.8°N of Antares
    24  21:41  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    25  10:21  Aldebaran 0.2°S of Moon
    28  14     Mercury 5.0° of Venus

Sep 01  03:03  NEW MOON 
    01  03:07  Annular Solar Eclipse; mag=0.974
    01  09:27  Moon at Ascending Node 
    02  09     Neptune at Opposition 
    03  04:33  Venus 1.1°S of Moon: Occn.
    04  13:56  Spica 5.8°S of Moon
    04  14:05  Saturn 5.9°N of Antares
    06  12:44  Moon at Apogee: 405059 km
    08  15:23  Saturn 3.8°S of Moon
    09  05:49  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    12  18     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    15  17:55  Moon at Descending Node 
    16  12:54  Pen. Lunar Eclipse; mag=0.908
    16  13:05  FULL MOON 
    18  09:15  Venus 2.2°N of Spica
    18  11:00  Moon at Perigee: 361894 km
    21  16:13  Aldebaran 0.2°S of Moon
    22  08:21  Autumnal Equinox 
    23  03:56  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    26  00     Jupiter in Conjunction with Sun 
    27  16:32  Regulus 1.7°N of Moon
    28  09     Mercury at Perihelion 
    28  13     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 17.9°W
    28  16:06  Moon at Ascending Node 
    29  04:42  Mercury 0.7°N of Moon: Occn.
    30  18:12  NEW MOON 

Oct 03  11:30  Venus 5.0°S of Moon
    04  05:02  Moon at Apogee: 406100 km
    06  02:04  Saturn 3.8°S of Moon
    08  22:33  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    13  03:43  Moon at Descending Node 
    15  04     Uranus at Opposition 
    15  22:23  FULL MOON 
    16  17:36  Moon at Perigee: 357860 km
    19  00:18  Aldebaran 0.3°S of Moon
    20  23     Orionid Meteor Shower
    22  13:14  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    24  22:01  Regulus 1.6°N of Moon
    25  19:44  Moon at Ascending Node 
    26  04:56  Venus 3.0°N of Antares
    27  10     Mercury at Superior Conjunction 
    28  03:33  Jupiter 1.4°S of Moon
    29  06     Mars at Perihelion 
    30  11:38  NEW MOON 
    31  13:29  Moon at Apogee: 406660 km

Nov 02  13:38  Saturn 3.7°S of Moon
    04  23     S Taurid Meteor Shower
    06  06:07  Mars 5.3°S of Moon
    07  13:51  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    09  09:57  Moon at Descending Node 
    11  22     N Taurid Meteor Shower
    14  05:23  Moon at Perigee: 356512 km
    14  07:52  FULL MOON 
    15  10:50  Aldebaran 0.4°S of Moon
    17  05     Leonid Meteor Shower
    19  11:51  Beehive 4.3°N of Moon
    21  02:33  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    21  04:08  Regulus 1.3°N of Moon
    21  20:48  Moon at Ascending Node 
    23  13     Mercury 3.4° of Saturn
    24  19:47  Jupiter 1.9°S of Moon
    27  14:08  Moon at Apogee: 406556 km
    29  06:18  NEW MOON 

Dec 03  06:34  Venus 5.8°S of Moon
    05  04:39  Mars 2.9°S of Moon
    06  11:35  Moon at Descending Node 
    07  03:03  FIRST QUARTER MOON 
    10  05     Saturn in Conjunction with Sun 
    10  22     Mercury at Greatest Elong: 20.8°E
    12  17:27  Moon at Perigee: 358463 km
    12  22:14  Aldebaran 0.5°S of Moon
    13  18     Geminid Meteor Shower
    13  18:06  FULL MOON 
    16  21:17  Beehive 4.1°N of Moon
    18  12:13  Regulus 1.0°N of Moon
    18  22:46  Moon at Ascending Node 
    20  19:56  LAST QUARTER MOON 
    21  04:45  Winter Solstice 
    22  02     Ursid Meteor Shower
    22  10:37  Jupiter 2.4°S of Moon
    24  23:55  Moon at Apogee: 405870 km
    25  09     Mercury at Perihelion 
    28  13     Mercury at Inferior Conjunction 
    29  00:53  NEW MOON 

    

Astronomical Definitions

  • Perihelion - the instant when a planet is closest to the Sun
  • Aphelion - the instant when a planet is furthest from the Sun
  • Perigee - the instant when the Moon is closest to Earth
  • Apogee - the instant when the Moon is furthest from Earth
  • Inferior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes between Earth and the Sun (Mercury or Venus)
  • Superior Conjunction - the instant when a planet passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth (Mercury or Venus)
  • Greatest Elongation - elongation is the apparent angle between a planet and the Sun as seen from Earth; during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star; during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star
  • Opposition - the instant when a planet appears opposite the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Conjunction - the instant when a planet appears closest the Sun as seen from Earth
  • Occultation - the Moon occults or eclipses a star or planet
  • Ascending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the southern to northern portion of its orbit
  • Descending Node - the point where a planet crosses from the northern to the southern portion of its orbit



Calendars for Other Years and Time Zones

The table below contains links to astronomical events calendars for a range of years and Time Zones. Abbreviations for the time zones are: GMT = Greenwich Mean Time, AST = Atlantic Standard Time, EST = Eastern Standard Time, CST = Central Standard Time, MST = Mountain Standard Time, PST = Pacific Standard Time, AKST = Alaskan Standard Time, and HST = Hawaiian Standard Time.

Calendar of Astronomical Events
GMT 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
EST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
CST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
MST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
PST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
AKST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
HST 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025

For years or time zones not covered above, please visit SKYCAL the astronomical events calendar generator.

Accuracy

The times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours and minutes (i.e., hh:mm) are accurate to the nearest minute. Similarly, the times of astronomical events listed with a precision in hours (i.e., hh) are accurate to the nearest hour.

A simplified solar ephemeris results an accuracy of ±0.5 hours for the perihelion and aphelion of Earth. The algorithm used in the perihelion and aphelion of the other planets is based on unperturbed elliptical orbits. For Mars, the accuracy is about 2 hours. Due to mutual planetary perturbations, the times for Jupiter may be in error by several weeks, while Saturn's times may be in error by a month. The times for Uranus and Neptune may be in error by several months. In the future, we plan to develop algorithms to improve the computed times of perihelion and aphelion of the planets.

Acknowledgements

All calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy. Algorithms used in predicting the phases of the Moon, eclipses and other sky phenomena are based on Astronomical Algorithms by Jean Meeus (Willmann-Bell, Inc., Richmond, 1998).

Permission is freely granted to reproduce this data when accompanied by the acknowledgment:


Return to: Planetary Ephemeris Data